Like anything worthwhile in life, option trading for a living requires a number of essential things. You need to have a plan, a trading system that matches the amount of trading capital you have. This plan should include a minimum gain per successful trade and a maximum loss per losing trade. It should also include position sizing, i.e. how much, or what percentage of your entire trading capital, you will risk on any one trade. You need to decide whether your trading style will be more speculative or longer term strategically focussed.
You should also know what methods you will regularly use to assess the future price direction of the underlying stock, commodity or index that your options are derived from. Will it be a “fundamentalist” approach – based on company reports and management? Or will you be a “technical analyst” – looking at charts for price patterns?
How will you match the approach you take with the option trading strategy of your choice?
For example, if you want to be a straddle trader, your focus might be on upcoming earnings reports, or on forming “symmetrical triangle” patterns in stock charts, along with low option implied volatility. If speculative trading is more your “thing” then you would be looking for support and resistance levels, drawing trendlines and looking for short term price breakouts using indicators of your choice.
The very term – option trading for a living – implies reliance upon your trading profits as your main, or even sole, source of income. So before you take the plunge, you need to feel supremely confident that you can actually do this; that whatever system you plan to use will work in all market conditions and consistently over the long term.
You need to be committed to ongoing learning, together with continued paper trading to test your strategies. In short, you must develop a passion for option trading.
Matching Starting Capital with Trading Style
If you only have a small amount of capital to begin with, you should quickly dispel any thoughts of option trading for a living… for now. Keep your job and think of your trading activities as only a means to increase your trading capital base over time. Once you have at least $20,000 then you’re in a position to make some decisions.
If you believe you have a good and tested system (you have tested it, not someone else) which will enable you to trade as a short term speculator – and are content to risk no more than 10 percent of your trading capital on any one trade, then it’s not unreasonable to conclude that you’re ready to give option trading for a living a serious go.
But if you prefer a less risky but also less profitable trading approach, using more conservative option trading methods such as covered calls, advanced spread trading strategies and the like, you should ideally like to have at least $50,000 at your disposal and aim to return between 5 and 15 percent per month. An average of 10 percent per month would bring in around $5,000 per month or $60k per annum. This realistically, is option trading for a living.